By Roger F. Cook
Because the such a lot in demand German-Jewish Romantic author, Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) turned a focus for a lot of the strain generated through the Jewish assimilation to German tradition in a time marked by means of a transforming into emphasis at the shared ancestry of the German Volk. As either an inventive composer of Romantic verse and the originator of modernist German prose, he defied nationalist-Romantic strategies of inventive genius that grounded German greatness in an idealist culture of Dichter und Denker. And as a brash, frequently reckless champion of freedom and social justice, he challenged not just the reactionary ruling powers of recovery Germany but additionally the incipient nationalist ideology that will have fateful outcomes for the hot Germany--consequences he usually portended with a prophetic imaginative and prescient born of his personal adventure. attaining to the center of the `German question,' the controversies surrounding Heine were as extreme considering that his demise as they have been in his personal lifetime, frequently serving as an acid try for vital questions of nationwide and social recognition. This new quantity of essays via students from Germany, Britain, Canada, and the USA deals new severe insights on key habitual concerns in his paintings: the symbiosis of German and Jewish tradition; rising nationalism one of the eu peoples; severe perspectives of Romanticism and smooth philosophy; ecu tradition at the threshold to modernity; irony, wit, and self-critique as considered necessary components of a contemporary aesthetic; altering perspectives on teleology and the dialectics of background; and ultimate ideas and reconsiderations from his final, lengthy years in a sickbed. participants: Michael Perraudin, Paul Peters, Roger F. cook dinner, Willi Goetschel, Gerhard HГ¶hn, Paul Reitter, Robert C. Holub, Jeffrey Grossman, Anthony Phelan, Joseph A. Kruse, and George F. Peters. Roger F. cook dinner is professor of German on the collage of Missouri, Columbia.
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Extra info for A Companion to the Works of Heinrich Heine
Ed. Jost Hermand and Robert C. Holub. Trans. Gilbert Cannan, Frederic Ewen, Robert C. Holub, and Helen Mustard. The German Library 33. New York: Continuum, 1985. ———. Sämtliche Schriften. Ed. Klaus Briegleb. Munich: Hanser, 1968– 1976. 6 vols. (in 7). ———. Sämtliche Werke. Ed. Ernst Elster. Leipzig: Bibliographisches Institut, 1887–1890. 7 vols. ———. Sämtliche Werke. Ed. Oskar Walzel, et al. Leipzig: Insel, 1910–1920. 10 vols. ———. Selected Prose. Ed. and Trans. Ritchie Robertson. London: Penguin, 1993.
Winter, 1997), 185–209. 5 Heine used this metaphor himself in a well-known passage in the Wintermärchen. As he crosses the border into Prussian territory in his fictional account of his 1843 journey to Hamburg, he describes how the customs officials search through his belongings, and then he remarks: Ihr Toren, die Ihr im Koffer sucht! Hier werdet Ihr nichts entdecken! Die Contrebande, die mit mir reist, Die hab ich im Kopfe stecken. (B 4: 579) 6 For an extensive account of Heine’s conception of what he perceived as the two fundamental and diametrically opposed tendencies in European civilization, which he called Nazarene and Hellenist, see the essay by Paul Reitter in this volume.
Not only does his writing attack the dominant reactionary forces of the Restoration period, but it also conveys to the masses (“das arme, glückenterbte Volk”) the revolutionary import of critical modern philosophy in a form they can understand. Even as Heine maintains that he himself as a Romantic poet will be out of place in the new social order, he acclaims the liberty and social justice that it will bring as unimpeachable advances in the path toward a higher civilization. George Peters argues in his essay on the reception of Heine during the Weimar Republic that the events of 1918– 1919 came closest to matching the optimistic predictions he had made in the Wintermärchen.