A History of Islamic Philosophy - Third Edition by Majid Fakhry

By Majid Fakhry

The 1st finished survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic inspiration and its impact at the cultural elements of Muslim existence. Fakhry indicates how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest instances a particular line of improvement, which supplies it the solidarity and continuity which are the marks of the nice highbrow routine of heritage. (Fall 2006)

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78 Cf. al-Milal wa' l-Nibal, II, p. 241. 20 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT had a decisive influence on the Isma'ili philosophical fraternity, known as the Brethren of Purity, as we will see in a subsequent chapter. Some of the greatest Pre-Socratics, such as Heraclitus and Parmenides, are sometimes mentioned in these sources, but their teaching is not accorded the barest mention. 79 Of the Peripatetic philosophers or commentators, Theophrastus, Eudemus, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Themistius, and Olympiodorus are fairly well-known, and some of their works or commentaries on Aristotle appear to have circulated freely among scholars, as Averroes' references to some of those commentaries in his own Aristotelian commentaries clearly show.

91, notes). 7 Wright, History of Syriac Literature, pp. , and Duval, La litterature syriaque, pp. 258 ff. 8 Renan, De philosophia peripatetica apud Syros, p. 33- 4 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT Asia, whose influence was destined to extend to the world oflslam in 'Abbasid times. Its Nestorian teachers, allowed by the enlightened Chosroes to pursue their scientific studies, continued the tradition of Syriac-Greek scholarship. Greek teachers were welcomed by the Persian court when the School of Athens was closed by order of Justinian and its pagan teachers were forced to flee from persecution in 529.

49 Al-Fihrist, pp. , 419; al-Qifp, Titnkh, p. 131. 50 Al-Fihrist, pp. 395 f. , p. 366, and al-Qifti, Titnkh, p. 35· 52. Al-Fihrist, pp. 358, 361, 366. 14 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT of his seniority or because of the curious circumstance that a careless scribe could not easily distinguish his name from that of I:Iunain, owing to their morphological similarity in Arabic script. Al-Fihrist puts the matter thus: "It was one of l:Iunain's tokens of good fortune that what l:Iubaish b.

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