By Andrew McGregor
Egypt has one of many oldest civilizations and proudest nationwide histories on this planet, yet so much army histories deal with it as an insignificant battleground for different nice imperial powers reminiscent of the Ottoman Empire, the French, and the British. In a full of life and stirring narrative, this paintings tells the untold tale of the Egyptian event. It appears on the lives of Egyptian squaddies combating at domestic and in another country, and indicates the jobs these infantrymen and their leaders have performed in Middle-Eastern and international background for 500 years—especially within the convulsions that experience remodeled the Muslim global in the past centuries.Beginning with an outline of Egypt's old and medieval background, the ebook then explores Ottoman army rule, explaining how a tiny Turkish-speaking minority maintained absolute energy via maintaining army wisdom out of the seize of local Egyptians. Readers will see how Napoleon's failed Egyptian crusade of 1798 brought the country to Europe yet, extra very important, introduced smooth Western impacts to Egypt. throughout the nineteenth century, new palms and strategies and the emerging strength of nationalism reworked Egypt because the empire of the Ottoman Turks slowly decayed. Independence was once thwarted through the British, who took over the rustic within the Eighteen Eighties to safe hyperlinks to India. but the British lead the way for independence, retraining and strengthening the Egyptian army to make it the most powerful and so much nationalist strength within the nation. eventually, McGregor's ultimate chapters examine Arab nationalism, and on the Egyptian military within the wars of the overdue twentieth century.
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Extra resources for A Military History of Modern Egypt: From the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War
Some Mamluks saw which way the wind was blowing and sneaked off to Salim’s camp, where they eagerly divulged the defenses of the Egyptian capital. A formidable array of stake-lined ditches covered by artillery was built at Radiniyya on the approach to Cairo. Heavy guns collected from various places in Egypt were placed behind stone walls. In what seems to have finally been some appreciation of the need for mobility on the battlefield, over 100 ox-drawn wagons were prepared to carry smaller copper guns.
Unfortunately for the French, the grand vizier’s son had managed to go round the French and entered a nearly defenseless Cairo with a small body of troops. Rebellion in Cairo: March–April 1800 Once in Cairo the Ottomans announced the utter defeat of the French, unleashing the Cairenes hatred of the French. The small groups of French in the Citadel and the smaller forts were immediately besieged by mobs. This second uprising in Cairo was no mere riot. The French detected a degree of preparation and organization in this new revolt: Battle for the Pyramids 47 The rebels displayed an energy that, in this country, could only be inspired by religion.
In Cairo all was chaos as the population tried to flee, falling prey to rape, robbery, and murder from the waiting Bedouin and the fellahin militia. The French troops enriched themselves by looting the Mamluk dead, going so far as to fish their bodies out of the Nile. The battle at Imbaba was not the greatest of Napoleon’s victories, but it was one of the most important. ” The story is cited only in Napoleon’s own memoirs. Though every depiction of the battle displays the pyramids looming in the background, the pyramids were actually ten miles away and the dust raised by two armies would have obscured such views.