By Said Amir Arjomand
A complete analytical view of Iran within the final twenty years, overlaying the improvement of theocratic govt, stumbling blocks to democratization and hardliners' international coverage and nearby ambitions
Written through the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new idea of the innovative technique and post-revolutionary reconstruction advised by way of the Iranian case
For many americans, Iran is our most threatening enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even prior to the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the truth? How did Ahmadinejad upward push to strength, and what kind of strength does he rather have? What are the probabilities of normalizing family with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a sophisticated and perceptive portrait of latest Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran less than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts off, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, delivering a super tablet biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter top exemplified via Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic technique, he strains the emergence and consolidation of the current approach of collective rule via clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management by means of the ayatollah because the perfect advisor and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the interior political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his innovative legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safeguard forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the power destiny position of the progressive Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's international coverage besides, together with the influence of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few international locations loom higher in American overseas kin than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, knowledgeable on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Additional info for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
The already extensive powers of the Leader in the 1979 Constitution, including Executive Power “in matters directly concerned with the Leadership” were expanded,8 giving him the power to appoint and dismiss the head of the Iranian radio and television (Article 175), transferring to him the responsibility for coordinating the relations among the three Powers from the President (Article 57),9 and entrusting to him “the determination of the general policies of the regime” (formerly included among the Prime Minister’s responsibilities) (Article 110).
In that capacity, he also appointed Mehdi Bazargan, the leading member of the liberal and nationalist elements in the revolutionary coalition, as the prime minister of a provisional government. ”26 In the course of the ensuing power struggle of the early 1980s among the partners in the revolutionary coalition, Khomeini sanctioned the violent suppression of the leftist and secular elements. 28 Once the revolutionary power struggle ended with the complete victory of his supporters and the Iranian state and the revolutionary structures were brought under clerical control, Khomeini opted for normalization and the rule of law.
He opposed the ending of the increasingly unpopular war with Iraq (1980–1988) until he ﬁnally decided to drink “the cup of poison” and accept a ceaseﬁre with Iraq on July 18, 1988. Two days later, the Iraq-based forces of the Mojahedin-e Khalq attacked western Iran and were wiped out. 31 Khomeini issued what can in retrospect be considered a vintage “governmental ordinance” (hokm-e hokumati),32 ordering clerical judges to sentence the “treacherous hypocrites” [Mojahedin] who “are waging war on God and are condemned to execution:” The passing of the sentence in Tehran is incumbent [as a religious duty] on the shar‛i judge Hojjat al-Islam [Ja’far] Nayyeri, the Prosecutor [Mortaza] Eshraqi, and the representative of the Ministry of Information and Security,33 after having agreed upon it by a majority.