All the Great Prizes: The Life of John Hay from Lincoln to by John Taliaferro

By John Taliaferro

The 1st full-scale biography of John Hay due to the fact that 1934: From secretary to Abraham Lincoln to secretary of nation for Theodore Roosevelt, Hay used to be a necessary American determine for greater than part a century.

John Taliaferro’s outstanding biography captures the extreme lifetime of Hay, the most notable figures in American background, and restores him to his rightful position. inner most secretary to Lincoln and secretary of nation to Theodore Roosevelt, Hay used to be either witness and writer of the various most vital chapters in American history—from the start of the Republican social gathering, the Civil conflict, the Spanish-American warfare, to the prelude to international battle I. As an envoy and statesman, he guided some of the country’s significant diplomatic tasks on the flip of the 20th century: the Open Door with China, the production of the Panama Canal, and the institution of the USA as a global leader.

Hay’s neighbors are a who’s who of the period: Mark Twain, Horace Greeley, Henry Adams, Henry James, and nearly each president, sovereign, writer, artist, strength dealer, and robber baron of the Gilded Age. His friends esteemed him as “a completely minimize stone” and “the maximum best minister this republic has ever known.” yet for all his poise and varnish, he had his secrets and techniques. His marriage to at least one of the wealthiest girls within the nation didn't hinder him from pursuing the Madame X of Washington society, whose different mystery suitor was once Hay’s ally, Henry Adams.

All the nice Prizes, the 1st authoritative biography of Hay in 80 years, renders a wealthy and interesting portrait of this excellent American

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S. diplomat in Great Britain. He and Louisa were married on July 26, 1797. President John Adams recalled his son from Berlin after he lost the bitterly contested election of 1800. The younger Adams returned to Boston to pursue his legal career. Public life continued to exert a pull on him, and in 1803 he was elected to represent Massachusetts in the United States Senate. Although a member of the Federalist Party, Adams was independent-minded. To the dismay of the Massachusetts Federalist Party, Adams supported two crucial Jeffersonian diplomatic initiatives: the Louisiana Purchase and the Embargo of 1807.

During the years of the early republic, southerners soon abandoned any serious discussion of the contradiction between slavery and freedom. Politically and constitutionally, slaveholders received significant new protections to human property during the 1780s and 1790s. While the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 prohibited slavery’s expansion into the territories north of the Ohio River, another proposed ordinance from 1784 had already failed to limit bondage in the Southwest. This earlier measure would prove significant during Thomas Jefferson’s presidency, when the Louisiana Purchase (1803) opened the sugar plantations of Louisiana and other valuable land to migrating slaveholders.

For others, however, especially as the British tightened a blockade that cut off overseas trade and curtailed interregional shipping, the war created glutted markets in some areas and scarce markets in others. Tobacco, for example, became nearly worthless since it was almost impossible to send it to distant markets. Although slaves and hired labor worked on some farms, most farmers relied on family labor. As northern states emancipated their slaves, the region—including the area north of the Ohio River—became even more devoted to free labor.

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