An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care by Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel

By Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel

Early early life schooling and care has turn into a important coverage obstacle in lots of nations, and as companies extend it will be significant to ascertain no matter if youngsters from deprived backgrounds obtain equitable companies. In An equivalent Start? specialists from 8 countries—the usa, the uk, Norway, France, the Netherlands, Germany, New Zealand, and Australia—examine how early schooling and care is geared up, funded, and controlled of their respective international locations. they provide up to date photographs of the entry to companies, supplying wealthy insights into how regulations play out in perform and the consequences at the provision of providers to deprived childrens. jointly they demonstrate a few universal tensions and complexities that many nations face in making sure that early schooling and care is reasonable, available, and of the top attainable quality.

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Additional info for An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care for Disadvantaged Children

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While New Zealand has now entered a period of retrenchment (with, for example, a freeze in funding for the three- and four-year-old entitlement and a revision of the teacher target to 80% rather than 100%), at least part of the stated purpose for this is to free up funds that can be focused on increasing access and quality for the most vulnerable children. It remains to be seen what the net effect of these reforms will be for disadvantaged children, and for the system as a whole. ECEC in Australia is also undergoing reform, but in a complex federal landscape.

Second, all nations have a national curriculum. For example, the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) curriculum in England covers all providers catering for nought to fives, irrespective of whether they receive public funding. Third, in all nations there is a system of regular government inspection. 2 reports statutory requirements regarding group size, staffto-child ratios, and staff qualification requirements for England. Two things are immediately clear. First, there are effectively no minimum requirements for staff working with very young children.

The latter covers spending exclusively for families (for example, family outreach). Spending on other social policy areas such as health and housing is not included. Data presented in the final row differs from the OECD social expenditure database as it takes direct taxes into account. 4) spending per child looks similar in the two countries, it will be higher in $PPP terms per child in Norway (as indeed is reflected in the table’s bottom line, which shows significantly higher spending in Norway as a share of gross domestic product, GDP).

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