By Steven P. Roose, Robert A. Glick
The notion of tension has lengthy held a primary position in psychoanalytic theories of brain and treatment. but, lately, information from the neurosciences and from pharmacological reports have posed a compelling problem to psychoanalytic types of anxiety. One significant final result of those experiences is the conclusion that anxiousness either organizes and disorganizes, that it may be either symptom and signal. In Anxiety as Symptom and Signal, editors Steven Roose and Robert Glick have introduced jointly exceptional members to deal with those diverse dimensions of anxiety. a piece of unique papers on "Anxiety as Symptom" covers evolutionary, neuroanatomical, genetic, and developmental perspectives. A complementary part on "Anxiety as sign" specializes in the meanings and capabilities of tension within the medical approach; contributions tackle anxiousness in its ego-psychological, intersubjective, and relational dimensions.
The illuminating, readable assortment will expand clinicians' know-how of the various learn findings that now tell our realizing of anxiety. No much less importantly, it is going to deepen their appreciation of the richly variegated ways in which anxiousness can form, and be formed via, the scientific procedure.
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Extra info for Anxiety as Symptom and Signal
The role of specific signal cues, the importance of memory for traumatic events, the occurrence of anxiety in the setting of early separation, and the adaptive value of states of enhanced attention to clues of danger are all illustrated in the examples that follow. I have chosen a single-celled organism, a bacterium; a marine invertebrate, the sea hare; a common vertebrate mammal, the rat; and "one of us," a primate. Using these examples, I hope to illustrate some of the aspects of anxiety that are likely to have evolved first and aspects appearing to be later acquisitions during stages in evolution taken by our ancestors over hundreds of millions of years.
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He argues that the evolution of the limbic system of the mammalian brain distinguishes mammals from all modern reptiles, endowing mammals with sets of novel behaviors as well as this novel brain structure. According to MacLean, the three crucial behavioral attributes that evolved in mammals are play, parental behavior, and the separation cry, all of which he points out are absent in modern-day reptiles. MacLean provides neuroanatomical and neurophysiological evidence supporting his theory that the presence of these behaviors in modern-day mammals is made possible by the specialized neural networks of the limbic system and their connections to the cerebral cortex and the midbrain.