By Richard Clogg
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Extra resources for Balkan Society in the Age of Greek Independence
180, unsigned memorandum on British Trade with the Ottoman Empire, dated 13 October, 1790; FO 42, val, 2, Sp. Foresti to FO, Zante 16 October, 1793; val. 3, Foresti to FO, Zante 12 April, 1799. 40. As far as Ragusa was concerned the case was, needless to say, of a natuical power coming back into prominence. 41. In addition to the memoranda mentioned in notes 38, 39 and 42, 46 below, see c. C. de Peyssonnel, Traite sur le commerce de laMer Noire, 2 vols (Paris 1787); H. A. S. Ms. 33554 (Bentham Papers, vol XVIII) ff.
The degree to which capitalist production was compatible with 'Ottoman feudalism' is a separate, wider issue, as are the relations in general between capitalism and Islam. Suffice it to say that these relations have never been characterised by immobility. The two have always interacted at different times and under different circumstances to give rise to a variety of social formations, the nature of which has often proved a subject of controversy. What concerns us here is something more specific: the state of play in the case of the Greek provinces of the Ottoman Empire, at a particular period of time, - the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century.
Dobb, P. Sweezy, K. Takahashi and C. Hill originally published in Science and Society in the early 1950s, together with a number of subsequent contributions to the debate. On the related question of the importance of international trade see I. Wallerstein, 34 The Origins of the Modern World System (New York 1974) and the critique of R. Brenner, 'The Origins of capitalist development: a critique of neo- Smithian Marxism', New Left Review no 104 (July-August 1977) 25-92. The literature on the 'Asiatic' mode of production is equally extensive.